Genesis 1: The Father, Son, and Holy Spirit in Creation

See Pentateuch: Introduction

The Father, Son, and Holy Spirit in Creation


Genesis 1:1-5

“In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. And God said, Let there be light: and there was light. And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.

     John 1:1-5

“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him and without him was not any thing made that was made. In him was life; and the life was the light of men. And the light shineth in the darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not.”

John 1 parallels and gives a New Testament exposition on Genesis 1. This small passage shines a vast light onto the Creation account, as well as the persons of the Trinity. Jesus is here defined as the Word of God, who in the beginning was with the Father and created Heaven and Earth. He is the second Person of the Trinity, and throughout Scripture is one with the Father and the Spirit. His role as Creator is specific. The Father creates through the Son, by the Holy Spirit. This three in one movement of actions could be followed throughout the Creation account, Scriptures, and in our own lives.

The Father initiates and has all authority, releasing himself, which is his Word. This Word, Jesus releases the Spirit of God. The Spirit of God always points to Jesus to make Jesus known. Jesus points us to the Father and makes the Father known. The Father again points to Jesus and puts all authority under his feet, he thunders three times during Jesus’ ministry on earth, “This is my Son, hear him”. We have been created by the trinity, and destined to be brought into this fellowship they share. It is out of the overflow of love for each other that we have been created. The Father creates us through his son and destines us to be the inheritance of Jesus. Jesus gave us his Holy Spirit to keep forever, making us “a temple of God” (1 Corinthians 6:19). The Holy Spirit fills us with the love he himself has for Jesus and empowers us to be his Bride. Jesus saves us and presents us to the Father as blameless children. This is the Trinitarian love epic that we have been invited into. This is a glimpse of what eternity is.

This first chapter of John goes on to say, “No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him.” (John 1:18) It’s as if for eternity past the fellowship shared among the Father, Son, and Spirit was not yet expressed in terms of creation. The Son was “in the bosom of the Father”, never created, but not yet begotten. The creation account is the speaking of the Father’s Word. And so, the Word of the Father having been released, declares who the Father is. Similarly, we have authority over what we speak, yet it is our words which declare who we are, what we believe, and our person. Finally, the Holy Spirit of God manifests the life of God at the command of the Word. I attribute the life and light of the Word referred to in the above scripture to be the Holy Spirit. “And God said, Let there be light: and there was light” also “In him was life; and the life was the light of men. And the light shineth…” If in this verse Jesus is the spoken Word God, then the action of those words coming to pass may be attributed to the Spirit of God; the Spirit of God is the “life” in Jesus.

We see this same attribute of the Holy Spirit in the resurrection of Jesus. “But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you.” The Spirit of God is the power of God that raises the dead. He creates something out of nothing, both spiritually and physically.

Therefore, when we read, ”And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.” We see God as three in one.

Jesus, the Master Craftsman

Jesus was from everlasting with the Father. We see what intimacy and participation Jesus had in creating us in Proverbs 8:22-31 (the “voice of wisdom” here is commonly understood as being a theophany of Jesus) saying, “The LORD possessed me in the beginning of his way, before his works of old. I was set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was. When there were no depths, I was brought forth; when there were no fountains abounding with water. Before the mountains were settled, before the hills was I brought forth: While as yet he had not made the earth, nor the fields, nor the highest part of the dust of the world. When he prepared the heavens, I was there: when he set a compass upon the face of the depth. When he established the clouds above: when he strengthened the fountains of the deep: When he gave to the sea his decree, that the waters should not pass his commandment: when he appointed the foundations of the earth: Then I was by him as one brought up with him [“Then I was with him, his master craftsman…”]: and I was daily his delight, rejoicing always before him; Rejoicing in the habitable part of his earth; and my delights were with the sons of men.” Jesus was the Word, possessed by the Father in creating. Jesus was daily the delight of the Father, “rejoicing always before him”, and the cause of his rejoicing and delight was humanity, His inheritance.

We see Jesus the Creator, again in Job 38 where God demands Job to answer his questions, and thereby shows the shortcoming of all humanity’s intellect, and their inability in unlocking the mystery of the creation account: “Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? Declare if thou hast understanding. Who hath laid the measures thereof, if thou knowest? Or who hath stretched the line upon it? Whereupon are the foundation thereof fastened? Or who laid the corner stone thereof; When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?…” (Verses 4-7)  Gods act of creating by Jesus was full of fear, joy, and wonder. To be sure, we will for millions of years look into, wonder at, and grow in the knowledge of Jesus in the Creation account, and it should at no time become a solved equation in our minds. Although lightning may be scientifically broken down and studied, if one loses the wonder and awe of it’s miracle of being, they have gained nothing in their studies.

Psalm 139 is one of the most beautiful Psalms, revealing how intimate the Trinity is in creating and sustaining every single human life. God, the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit knits us in our mother’s womb and accounts our eternal existence before our body is even formed. This passage is important in understanding the value and purpose of human life. “Fearfully and wonderfully made”, full of intention, and individually, God truly creates each one of us for himself. “For thou hast possessed my reins: thou hast covered me in my mother’s womb. I will praise thee; for I am fearfully and wonderfully made: marvellous are thy works; and that my soul knoweth right well. My substance was not hid from thee, when I was made in secret, and curiously wrought in the lowest parts of the earth. Thine eyes did see my substance, yet being unperfect; and in thy book all my members were written, which in continuance were fashioned, when as yet there was none of them. How precious also are thy thoughts unto me, O God! how great is the sum of them! If I should count them, they are more in number than the sand: when I awake, I am still with thee.” (Psalm 139:13-18) Jesus is the Master Craftsman of all time, and of our lives; from the creation of the world down to the most intricate detail of each individual. Hebrews 1:1-3 tells us once again of the creating hand of Jesus, and the word of his power that upholds all things even now: “God, … hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power…” Jesus is the heir of all things, or the possessor. Thus, in the beginning, and in our own creation, all things were made through Jesus and for Jesus. We are each, with the rest of the world, called to be Jesus’ inheritance. Jesus is the purpose of Creation: “For of him [Jesus], and through him, and to him, are all things: to whom be glory for ever. Amen.” (Romans 11:36)